According to Pacheco, from an analysis made by Molanus, an erroneous, dangerous, and heretical manner of representing the Annunciation is, instead of depicting the Holy Spirit, adding a glow on the head of the Virgin, and in it a naked Child Jesus, with a cross on his shoulder, and the angels with God, the Father.
Dealing with the story of St. Catherine of Siena and how to represent it, Pacheco indicates three things to be analysed: that the saint had no external wounds, but they should be painted, and the way to paint them correctly.
An old Christian (cristiano viejo) from Portugal does not believe in images of saints and the Virgin Mary, nor in relics
After the participants have divided painting into the three categories, they devote themselves to the freedom of the poetic painting.
Pacheco states in this passage how should be depicted the scene and its characters of “Christ in the wilderness (desert)”. The author mentions also the image made by Jeronimo Nadal, Pablo de Céspedes, and his own artwork as good models to be followed.
Molanus refers to Early-Christian sources and the Council of Nice for the decoration of churches and confirms the suitabilty of stories from the Holy Scriptures for this scope.
Concerning the iconography of the Meeting of Anna and Joachim at the Golden Gate, the artists should not depict a kiss between the two saints (an error that follows the idea that the Virgin Mary was conceived by a kiss according to “some ancient little women testimonies”). On the contrary, the artists must represent both embracing each other “with great composure and modesty, which is very decent according to the married Saints”.
Dealing with the story of St. Paul and his meeting with Jesus Christ, who appeared to the saint on the road to Damascus, Pacheco states how both should be depicted.