atlas2




  • A heretical way of representing the “Annunciation”



    According to Pacheco, from an analysis made by Molanus, an erroneous, dangerous, and heretical manner of representing the Annunciation is, instead of depicting the Holy Spirit, adding a glow on the head of the Virgin, and in it a naked Child Jesus, with a cross on his shoulder, and the angels with God, the Father.

    Conflict
    Heretical image inadequate manner (impropriety)
    Mention
    Seville, 1649
    Subject
    The Annunciation
  • How to represent St. Catherine of Siena (and how not to do it)



    Dealing with the story of St. Catherine of Siena and how to represent it, Pacheco indicates three things to be analysed: that the saint had no external wounds, but they should be painted, and the way to paint them correctly.

    Conflict
    Impropriety Not corresponding with visual tradition Untruthfulness
    Mention
    Seville, 1649
    Subject
    St. Catherine of Siena
  • Frostispiece of Molanus, De historia sanctarum imaginum et picturarum (1617), Antwerp, Gasparus Bellerus

    Theologians only are the ones to judge the religious Aspects of Art



    Molanus argues that only theologians are capable of judging whether art is in accordance with the viewpoints of the Church.
    Conflict
    Judging art
    Mention
    Leuven
    Subject
    Judgement of religious art
  • Frostispiece of Molanus, De historia sanctarum imaginum et picturarum (1617), Antwerp, Gasparus Bellerus

    Magistrates should take action against indecent art in public places



    Molanus calls for the removal of lascivious art from public areas by worldly authorities.
    Conflict
    Indecency/Impropriety Nudity/obscenity/lasciviousness
    Mention
    Leuven
    Subject
    Indecent art
  • Frostispiece of Molanus, De historia sanctarum imaginum et picturarum (1617), Antwerp, Gasparus Bellerus

    Bacchus is a token of the unworthiness of drunkenness



    Molanus condemns and ridicules the pagan gods and focusses on Bacchus.
    Conflict
    Heretical image Sacred vs. profane imagery
    Mention
    Leuven
    Subject
    Bacchus
  • Disbelief in the images of the saints, of the Virgin Mary and in relics

    Aragon


    An old Christian (cristiano viejo) from Portugal does not believe in images of saints and the Virgin Mary, nor in relics

    Conflict
    Iconoclasm
    Mention
    Aragon, 1579
    Subject
    Francis of Assisi ; Mary Magdalene ; Relics ; Virgin
  • Case291

    Daroca


    Conflict
    Denounces a painter - Lutheran?
    Mention
    Daroca, 1608
    Subject
  • Case323



    Conflict
    Lascivious and indecent figures
    Mention
    1744–1819
    Subject
    Lascivious and indecent figures
  • Case355



    Conflict
    Mention
    1794, end of the 18th c.
    Subject
    Trinity
  • Case387

    Granada?


    Conflict
    Morisco
    Mention
    Granada?
    Subject
  • Case419

    Madrid, San Lorenzo de El Escorial,


    Conflict
    Nude
    Mention
    Madrid, San Lorenzo de El Escorial,, 1576
    Subject
    Crucified christ
  • Frontispiece of: Gilio, Giovanni Andrea, Due dialogi (1564), Camerino : Antonio Giojoso

    The freedom of the brush



    After the participants have divided painting into the three categories, they devote themselves to the freedom of the poetic painting.

    Conflict
    Capriccio Decorum License Monstrosity/unacceptable configuration
    Mention
    Fabriano, 1564
    Subject
    Decoration ; decorum of poetry ; Grotesque ; poetic painting
  • Christ in the wilderness (desert);



    Pacheco states in this passage how should be depicted the scene and its characters of “Christ in the wilderness (desert)”. The author mentions also the image made by Jeronimo Nadal, Pablo de Céspedes, and his own artwork as good models to be followed.

    Conflict
    Mention
    Seville, 1649
    Subject
    Christ in the wilderness (desert)
  • Frostispiece of Molanus, De historia sanctarum imaginum et picturarum (1617), Antwerp, Gasparus Bellerus

    Holy Scriptures are suitable decoration for churches



    Molanus refers to Early-Christian sources and the Council of Nice for the decoration of churches and confirms the suitabilty of stories from the Holy Scriptures for this scope.

    Conflict
    Visual tradition/Artistic model vs. written Tradition/History
    Mention
    Leuven
    Subject
    New Testament ; Old Testament
  • Frostispiece of Molanus, De historia sanctarum imaginum et picturarum (1617), Antwerp, Gasparus Bellerus

    Joseph holding a green branch and his virginity



    Molanus affirms that the green branch held by Joseph in paintings can only refer to his virginity.
    Conflict
    Acceptable errors Not corresponding to Scriptures Not corresponding with Church teaching/dogma
    Mention
    Leuven
    Subject
    Joseph
  • Frostispiece of Molanus, De historia sanctarum imaginum et picturarum (1617), Antwerp, Gasparus Bellerus

    Signs expressing sacred meanings



    Molanus explains that certain objects, such as the cross, the aureole, and the palm, can be used in images to express sacrality.
    Conflict
    Sacred vs. profane imagery
    Mention
    Leuven
    Subject
    Signs of sacrality
  • Frostispiece of Molanus, De historia sanctarum imaginum et picturarum (1617), Antwerp, Gasparus Bellerus

    The memory of bad people will vanish, despite ordering many artworks of themselves



    Molanus argues that people will be recorded for their virtues, as the case of Apelles' paintings of Alexander the Great demonstrates.
    Conflict
    Iconoclasm/critic to image cult
    Mention
    Leuven
    Subject
    Alexander the Great ; Apelles ; Lysipus
  • Against the adoration of the images

    Zaragoza


    Conflict
    Lutheran
    Mention
    Aragon, 1588
    Subject
  • Case302

    Zamora?


    Conflict
    Heresy Lutherans
    Mention
    Zamora?, 1660
    Subject
    Erasmus of Rotterdam and Augustine of Cazalla in Prayer ; Seven Deadly Sins
  • Case334



    Conflict
    Subject
    Niño Jesús
  • Case366

    Valencia


    Conflict
    Morisco
    Mention
    Valencia
    Subject
  • Case398

    La Orotava; Canary Islands;


    Conflict
    Profane lewd paintings
    Mention
    La Orotava; Canary Islands, 1654
    Subject
    Uncovered chest
  • Frontispiece of: Gilio, Giovanni Andrea, Due dialogi (1564), Camerino : Antonio Giojoso

    The debate about the portrayal of God



    The topic of the dialogue section is the representation of God.
    Conflict
    Mention
    Fabriano, 1564
    Subject
    God the Father
  • The indecency of depicting Saint Anna and Saint Joachim kissing each other



    Concerning the iconography of the Meeting of Anna and Joachim at the Golden Gate, the artists should not depict a kiss between the two saints (an error that follows the idea that the Virgin Mary was conceived by a kiss according to “some ancient little women testimonies”). On the contrary, the artists must represent both embracing each other “with great composure and modesty, which is very decent according to the married Saints”.

    Conflict
    inadequate manner (indecency)
    Mention
    Seville, 1649
    Subject
    Meeting of Anna and Joachim at the Golden Gate
  • How to represent St. Paul and Jesus Christ (and how not to do it)



    Dealing with the story of St. Paul and his meeting with Jesus Christ, who appeared to the saint on the road to Damascus, Pacheco states how both should be depicted.

    Conflict
    Beard Impropriety
    Mention
    Seville, 1649
    Subject
    St. Paul (Apostle) and Jesus Christ