The placement of saints in images should not lead to questions about their position in heaven
Molanus discusses the question of the placement of a saint in an artwork and the assumed correspondence to its position in heaven, but he argues that one should not worry too much about this.
Representation of saints should not give rise to quarrels and debate
Molanus pleads that the position of saints in painting should not lead to discussion and debate.
It is useful to write the names of lesser-known saints and martyrs in their paintings
Molanus argues that because of the large number of saints, it is advisable to write their names as captions in the paintings.
Images should respect the size, silhouette and colours of the depicted person
Molanus argues that painters should follow the ancients and depict persons true to the harmony of their silhouette, size, and colour.
Sculptures of saints should not be adored
The Luterans contest images of saints
The power of the saints is criticised as being only of fustain or of stone by a Frenchman in Aragon
The Frenchman Joan de Momas described the saints’ lack of power.
The images of the saints are just poles
The Frenchman Matheo Carreras criticized the saint’s images, stating that those which are in the church “are nothing but sticks”.
The saints are just poles
Juan de la Fuente affirmed that for testing the power of the saint – that is, to believe in “those stick saints” – the person should take the object to a river and if the saint went upriver he could well believe in him, and if not “he was a piece of the stick”.
It is better not to befriend carvers and makers of images of saints
A certain Beltrán de la Borda was accused of despising images because he said that the friends of the carvers and makers of saints were “guitones”
All impudence in images should be avoided
Molanus argues that saints should not be adorned with profane or ungodly elements, nor should they have the faces of people who are still alive.
John de Vigor said words of contempt against the image and the church of Our Lady of the Pilar
Christians should not be surrounded by infamous and licentious paintings in their daily lives
Molanus condemns introducing lasciviousness and infamity in paintings of holy subjects as an act of blasphemy.