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  • The “Luterans” contest images of saints

    Valencia?, 1568

    The Luterans contest images of saints
    Conflict
    Iconoclasm/critic to image cult Lutheran

    Subject
    Saints
  • Playing cards with figures considered offensive for the Christian religion

    Cuenca, 1568

    Playing cards with figures considered offensive for the Christian religion
    Conflict
    Defamation/Derision

    Subject
    Defamatory playing cards (Naipes infamantes)
  • Defamatory playing cards from France

    Catalonia, 1575

    Playing cards coming from France, on which there were defamatory figurations of the pope and the church
    Conflict
    Defamation/Derision

    Subject
    Defamatory playing cards
  • Letter of the Suprema to the inquisitors of the city of Valencia warning of the entry into the kingdom of “pernicious” canvases

    Valencia, October 1571

    Letter from the Suprems to the inquisitors of the city of Valencia warning of the entry into the kingdom of "pernicious" canvases.
    Conflict
    Dangerous images

    Subject
    Curcifix Trinity, Passion of Christ
  • Painting of the crucifix described in the letter of the Suprema to the inquisition in Valencia

    Valencia, 3. October 1571

    Letter of the Suprema to the Inquisitiors of the town of Valencia describing some cavases that allegedly entered the kingdom and recommending that they be collected so that they do not continue to circulate.
    Conflict
    Lutheran

    Subject
    Crucifix Schola Cordis
  • Painting of the Trinity described in the letter of the Suprema to the Inquisition

    Valencia, 3. October 1571

    Letter of the Suprema to the Inquisitiors of the town of Valencia describing some cavases that allegedly entered the kingdom and recommending that they be collected so that they do not continue to circulate.
    Conflict
    Lutheran

    Subject
    Trinity
  • Series of twelve images with the Passion of Christ, which are considered suspect of Lutheranism

    Valencia, 3. October 1571

    Letter of the Suprema to the Inquisitiors of the town of Valencia describing some cavases that allegedly entered the kingdom and recommending that they be collected so that they do not continue to circulate.
    Conflict
    Lutheran

    Subject
    Passion of Christ
  • Case 8



    Conflict
    Lutheran

    Subject
  • Case 9

    New Mexico, 28. April 1574

    Conflict
    Lutheran

    Subject
    Crucifx Trinity
  • Case 10

    Aragon, 1572

    Conflict
    Lutheran

    Subject
    Saints
  • Case 11

    Aragon, 1579

    Conflict
    Lutheran

    Subject
    Saints
  • Case 12

    Aragon, 1589

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
    Cross
  • Case 13

    Aragon, 1582

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
    Saints
  • Case 15

    Aragon, 1585

    Conflict


    Subject
    Crucifix of Balaguer Crucifix of Burgos
  • Case 16

    Aragon, 1586

    Conflict
    Lutheran

    Subject
  • Case 17

    Aragon, 1588

    Conflict
    Lutheran

    Subject
  • Case 18

    Aragon, 1585

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
    Crucifix
  • Case 19

    Aragon, 1586

    Conflict
    Lutheran

    Subject
    Virgin
  • Case 20

    Aragon, 1575

    Conflict
    Lutheran

    Subject
    Crucifix
  • Case 21

    Aragon, 1575?

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
    Crucifix
  • Case 22

    Aragon, 1574

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
    Crucifix
  • Case 23

    Aragon, 1570

    Conflict


    Subject
    Crucifix
  • Case 24

    Aragon, 1570

    Conflict


    Subject
    Crucifix
  • Case 25

    Aragon, 1588

    Conflict
    Lutheran

    Subject
    Saints
  • Case 26

    Aragon, 1578

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
    Virgin of Pilar
  • Case 27

    Aragon, 1579

    Conflict
    Lutheran

    Subject
    Saints Virgin of Pilar
  • Case 28

    Aragon, 1581

    Conflict
    Lutheran

    Subject
    Virgin of Pilar
  • Case 29

    Aragon, 1581

    Conflict
    Lutheran

    Subject
    Virgin of Loreto
  • Case 30

    Aragon, 1580s?

    Conflict


    Subject
    Virgin
  • Case 31

    Aragon, 1589

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
    Crucifix
  • Case 32

    Aragon, 1588

    Conflict
    Lutheran

    Subject
  • Case 33

    Aragon, 1589

    Conflict
    Lutheran

    Subject
  • Case 34

    Aragon, 1589

    Conflict
    Lutheran

    Subject
  • Case 35

    Aragon, 1572

    Conflict
    Lutheran

    Subject
  • Case 36

    Buitrago del Lozoya, 1649

    Conflict


    Subject
  • Case 37

    Atanzón (Guadalajara)

    Conflict


    Subject
    Automaton among saints
  • Case 38

    Madrid, 1565–1610

    Conflict
    Ex-votos

    Subject
    Ex-votos
  • Case 39

    Rota, 1686

    Conflict
    Nudity

    Subject
    Souls in Purgatory
  • Case 40

    *Cuenca?, ca. 1559–1564

    Conflict
    Esteban Jamete

    Subject
    Trinity, Calvary
  • Case 41

    Córdoba, pre 1630s

    Conflict


    Subject
    Madonna at the foot of the Cross
  • Case 42

    Madrid, Colegio Madres Agustinas María de Aragón, ca. 1658

    Conflict
    Novelty of the cases

    Subject
    Archangels Crosses Virgin
  • Case 43

    Madrid, Iglesia de Mercedarios Descalzos,

    Conflict


    Subject
    Personas no canonizadas con resplandor
  • Case 44

    ca. 1696

    Conflict
    Franciscans versus Dominicans

    Subject
    St. Catherine of Siena
  • Case 45



    Conflict


    Subject
    Archangels
  • Case 46

    Daroca, 1608

    Conflict
    Denounces a painter - Lutheran?

    Subject
  • Case 47

    Toledo, 1571

    Conflict
    Denouncing a painter - Lutheranism

    Subject
  • Case 48

    Toledo,

    Conflict
    Denouncing a painter

    Subject
  • Case 49

    Consuegra; Toledo;, 1623

    Conflict
    Denouncing a painter - Lutheranism

    Subject
  • Case 50

    Sigüenza, 1586

    Conflict
    Denouncing a painter

    Subject
  • Case 51

    Cuenca,

    Conflict
    Lutheran

    Subject
    Caricatures of the pope, heretical images
  • Case 52



    Conflict
    Idols Lutherans

    Subject
  • Case 53

    Cuenca, 1633

    Conflict
    iconodulism Lutherans

    Subject
  • Case 54

    Cuenca, 5. July 1568

    Conflict
    defamatory playing cards

    Subject
    angel Pope
  • Case 55

    Madrid; Cuenca;, 1571

    Conflict
    Inappropriate canvases Lutheranism

    Subject
    Crucifix Passion of Christ Trinity
  • Case 56

    Seville; León;, 15. November 1576

    Conflict
    Heresy

    Subject
    Pope
  • Case 58

    Seville,

    Conflict
    Destruction Lutheran

    Subject
    Virgin
  • Case 59

    Granada,

    Conflict
    Image Destruction lawsuits against painters

    Subject
    Saint Anthony
  • Case 60

    Cuenca, 17. April 1573

    Conflict
    Blasphemy iconoclastic heresy lawsuits against painters

    Subject
    Virgin
  • Case 61

    Cuenca, 29. May 1634

    Conflict
    Destruction of images

    Subject
    Saint John
  • Case 62

    Palermo, 1580

    Conflict
    Destruction

    Subject
    Saint Jerome
  • Case 63

    Palermo, 1582

    Conflict
    Destruction

    Subject
  • Case 64

    ca. 1630

    Conflict
    Still life

    Subject
  • Case 65

    ca. 1619–1650

    Conflict


    Subject
    Passion of Christ
  • Case 66

    Cuenca; Valladolid;, 1633–1707

    Conflict
    Censored text appearing next to the prints

    Subject
    Passion of Virgin of Mount Carmel giving a scapular to Simon Stock St. Anthony of Padua St. Peter Thomas
  • Case 67



    Conflict
    Halos of Holiness

    Subject
    Not beatified
  • Case 68

    Madrid, 1634-1638

    Conflict
    False sanctity

    Subject
    de Bringas Isabella de Briñas Not beatified - Isabella de Brigas
  • Case 69

    Valencia, 1619

    Conflict
    No sanctity

    Subject
    Francisco Jeronimo Simon
  • Case 70

    ca. 1650

    Conflict
    Dominicans Stigmata Stigmata / Franciscans

    Subject
    St. Catherine St. Francis
  • Case 71

    Madrid; Palermo, etc;, 1644 (1747–1757)

    Conflict
    Labels (rótulos)

    Subject
    Archangels Series
  • Case 72

    1571

    Conflict
    Antidogmatic and anticlerical

    Subject
    12 Passion prints Crucifix Trinity
  • Case 73

    1576

    Conflict
    Antidogmatic and anticlerical

    Subject
    Carved coins in Flanders
  • Case 75

    12. December 1633

    Conflict
    Antidogmatic

    Subject
    Virgin of Carmel offering indulgences
  • Case 76

    17. August 1767

    Conflict


    Subject
    Images for profane use
  • Case 77

    Tenerife; Toledo;, 1738? 1. February & 1. March 1787

    Conflict


    Subject
    Saint Lucia of Narni with sores Trinity
  • Case 78

    1744–1819

    Conflict
    Lascivious and indecent figures

    Subject
    Lascivious and indecent figures
  • Case 79

    Cuenca, 1487, 1499

    Conflict


    Subject
  • Case 80

    Toledo, 1564

    Conflict
    Lutheran

    Subject
    playing cards
  • Case 81

    Toledo, 1567

    Conflict
    Obscene Expressions

    Subject
  • Case 82

    Toledo, 1585

    Conflict
    Blood cleansing

    Subject
  • Case 83

    Cuenca, 1592

    Conflict
    Irreverence to images

    Subject
  • Case 84

    Palermo, 1639

    Conflict
    Lack of decorum

    Subject
    Jesus and Virgin Mary in mundane garments
  • Case 85

    Madrid?, 1617

    Conflict
    Lutheran

    Subject
  • Case 86

    Rome?, 1619

    Conflict


    Subject
    Immaculate Conception
  • Case 87

    Rome ; Spain;, 1625, 1634, 1640

    Conflict
    Haloes of sanctity

    Subject
  • Case 88



    Conflict
    General - and also conflict between religious orders

    Subject
    Christ alive on the cross St. Basil
  • Case 89



    Conflict


    Subject
    Niño Jesús
  • Case 90

    Logroño; Bilbao;, 28. November 1642

    Conflict


    Subject
    Infant Jesus
  • Case 91

    17th c.

    Conflict
    Domestic elements holiness?

    Subject
    Epiphany Three Wise Men Trinity
  • Case 92

    13. January & 26. August 1649

    Conflict
    Domestic elements

    Subject
    Poor Clare nun of Carrión de los Condes Sister Luisa of the Ascension
  • Case 93

    1602, 1605

    Conflict
    Heresy Lutheranism Stamps in a forbidden book

    Subject
    bowels (entrañas) of apostles Christ and Passion
  • Case 94

    Tenerife; Tacoronte (Madrid, Rome);, 1662, 1665

    Conflict
    *** too many wounds

    Subject
    St. Peter and St. Paul
  • Case 95



    Conflict
    Lutheran Print

    Subject
    Christ, man of sorrows, wounds
  • Case 99

    ca. 1686

    Conflict
    Pre-canonisation Holinesses

    Subject
    Saint Peter of Armengol
  • Case 100

    Cagliari; Sardinia;, ca. 1708

    Conflict
    Pre-canonisations

    Subject
    Archbishop Lucifer
  • Case 101

    Mallorca (Rome; Milan; Catalonia);, 1738? (1649)

    Conflict
    Haloes of sanctity

    Subject
    Carthusian Generals protected by the Virgin
  • Case 103

    Mexico, 1741, 1745

    Conflict
    Holiness Halos?

    Subject
  • Case 104

    4. May 1744

    Conflict


    Subject
    4 archangels
  • Case 105

    1. October 1745

    Conflict


    Subject
    Trinity
  • Case 106

    1747

    Conflict


    Subject
    Lascivious
  • Case 107

    1757

    Conflict


    Subject
    Seven Archangels
  • Case 108

    Vara de Rey; Sisante (Cuenca);, 1758

    Conflict
    Haloes of sanctity

    Subject
    Archbishop St. Valerius and Priest Peter of Lassa, local saints
  • Case 109

    Toledo; Tenerife (Manila, Germany, Lima), 1787 (1745)

    Conflict


    Subject
    Trinity
  • Case 110

    1794, end of the 18th c.

    Conflict


    Subject
    Trinity
  • Case 111

    Logroño, 1624

    Conflict
    Heresy and blasphemy

    Subject
  • Case 112

    1664

    Conflict
    New holiness

    Subject
    Pedro de Arbués
  • Case 113

    Montilla,

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
  • Case 114

    Aragon, 1581

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
  • Case 115

    Granada,

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
  • Case 116

    Valencia,

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
  • Case 117

    Valencia,

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
  • Case 118

    Granada,

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
  • Case 119

    Murcia,

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
  • Case 120

    Granada,

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
  • Case 121

    Valencia,

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
  • Case 122

    Écija,

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
  • Case 123

    Granada,

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
  • Case 124

    Tortosa,

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
  • Case 125

    Valencia,

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
  • Case 126

    Baza, 1593

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
  • Case 127

    Córdoba?,

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
  • Case 128

    Valencia,

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
  • Case 129



    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
    Virgen del Rosario
  • Case 130

    Aragon,

    Conflict
    Lutheran

    Subject
  • Case 131

    1593

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
    Virgin
  • Case 132

    Cogolluda (Cogolludo?),

    Conflict
    Morisco - converted?

    Subject
  • Case 133



    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
  • Case 134

    Granada; Murcia;,

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
  • Case 135



    Conflict
    Moriscos

    Subject
  • Case 136

    Valencia, 1593

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
  • Case 137

    Cuenca,

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
  • Case 138

    Valencia,

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
  • Case 139

    Granada,

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
  • Case 140

    Valencia,

    Conflict
    Moriscos

    Subject
  • Case 141

    Granada,

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
  • Case 142

    Granada?,

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
  • Case 143

    Guadix,

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
  • Case 144

    Zaragoza, 1578

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
  • Case 145

    Alcubilla,

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
  • Case 146

    Valencia, ca. 1550

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
  • Case 147

    Aragon, 1588

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
  • Case 148

    Zaragoza, 1592

    Conflict
    Morisco

    Subject
  • Case 149

    Cuenca, ca. 1601–1622

    Conflict


    Subject
  • Case 150

    Canary Islands; Mexico; Madrid;, 1600–1800

    Conflict
    Mundane (Worldly) objects and sacred images

    Subject
    Sacred images on mundane objects
  • Case 151

    Cuenca; Malta;, 1764

    Conflict
    (**** estilo? crudeza? too many wounds, Devil) Devil unusual image of the crucifix, posture, violence, too many wounds

    Subject
    Christ breathing out Christ crucified
  • Case 152

    Santa Cruz de Tenerife, 1788

    Conflict
    Customs (Aduana)

    Subject
  • Case 153

    La Orotava; Canary Islands;, 1654

    Conflict
    Profane lewd paintings

    Subject
    Uncovered chest
  • Case 154

    Tenerife, 1761

    Conflict
    Crude and coarse paintings (Pinturas groseras y bastas)

    Subject
  • Case 155

    Fuerteventura, 1722

    Conflict


    Subject
  • Case 156

    La Palma; Tenerife;, ca. 1750

    Conflict


    Subject
    Metal buttons with sacred figures
  • Case 157

    1699

    Conflict
    Haloes of sanctity pre-canonisation

    Subject
    Stamps of Catalina de San Mateo
  • Case 158

    San Cristóbal de La Laguna (La Laguna); Tenerife;, 1722

    Conflict


    Subject
    Provocative
  • Case 159

    Santa Cruz de Tenerife, 1810

    Conflict
    Irreverent lactation

    Subject
    Lactation Saint Dominic
  • Case 160

    Grand Canary, ca. 1750

    Conflict


    Subject
    Nurse boy with bulging chest
  • Case 161

    Santa Cruz de Tenerife; Mexico;, ca. 1750

    Conflict


    Subject
    Trinity as three equal persons
  • Case 162

    Los Realejos; Canary Islands;, 1786

    Conflict


    Subject
    Trinity as three persons
  • Case 163

    Madrid, 1632

    Conflict
    Lascivious paintings in the church

    Subject
    * Copy of the views
  • Case 164

    Monastery of El Paular (Cartuja del Paular), 1632

    Conflict


    Subject
    Nude - Apparition of St. Basil Hugo of Lincoln
  • Case 166

    Palencia; Capillas;, ca. 1570

    Conflict
    Nudes - Michelangelo style

    Subject
    Last Judgement
  • Case 167



    Conflict


    Subject
  • Case 168

    1521

    Conflict


    Subject
    Risen Christ
  • Case 169

    Alcoy, 1568?

    Conflict
    Transformation of the miraculous image

    Subject
    Infant Jesus
  • Case 170

    Salamanca, 1584

    Conflict
    Paintings that do not correspond to the scriptures

    Subject
    Circumcision of Christ Crucifixion Saint Lucia Three Kings
  • Case 171

    Cuenca,

    Conflict
    French

    Subject
    Ecce Homo Tavern-keeper
  • Case 172

    Escorial, ca. 1580

    Conflict
    Incorrect iconography

    Subject
    Maurice and Theban Legion
  • Case 173

    El Escorial, ca. 1580

    Conflict
    Iconography

    Subject
    St. Michael St. Ursula
  • Case 174

    Escorial, ca. 1585

    Conflict
    Iconography

    Subject
    Jerome and Annunciation
  • Case 175

    Escorial, 1576

    Conflict
    Nude

    Subject
    Crucified christ
  • Case 176

    Seville, 2. March 1611

    Conflict
    Profane and gentile images (portrait?)

    Subject
    Profane and gentile images (portrait?)
  • Case 177

    Rome, 1626

    Conflict
    ?

    Subject
    Saints of Japan
  • Case 179



    Conflict


    Subject
  • The three types of painting

    Fabriano,

    Giovanni Andrea Gilio dedicated his work to Cardinal Alessandro Farnese. At the beginning of the tract there is Gilio's letter to the cardinal in which he discusses his reasoning and thought processes. In the course of that, he introduces three types of painting.
    Conflict
    Ignorance/negligence of the artist License

    Subject
    poetic painter religious painters, historic painter
  • The distinctive allure of nature

    Fabriano,

    At the beginning of the actual treatise, the sublimity of nature in relation to contemporary art is thematized. It is not possible for it to represent nature correctly, because the contemporary artists have lost their craft.
    Conflict
    Contemporary vs. ancient artist

    Subject
    Decoration painting of nature
  • “There are few painters of our time who do not make mistakes when painting histories”

    Fabriano,

    Conflict
    Contemporary vs. ancient artist Ignorance/negligence of the artist

    Subject
    historic painter
  • On the desirable education of a painter

    Fabriano,

    Conflict
    ignorance to the correct form inadequate training

    Subject
    historic painter poetic painter
  • “To distinguish the true from the fictional and a fabulous […]”

    Fabriano,

    Conflict
    Capriccio Clothes anachronism/Errors/Adornment Ignorance/negligence of the artist Outer appearance truthfulness/Not probable/Not corresponding to history

    Subject
    historic painter mixed painter poetic painter
  • The Freedom of the brush

    Fabriano,

    Conflict
    Capriccio Decorum License Monstrosity/unacceptable configuration

    Subject
    Decoration decorum of poetry Grotesque poetic painting
  • The Monstrous

    Fabriano,

    Conflict
    Capriccio Decorum Ignorance/negligence of the artist Monstrosity/unacceptable configuration

    Subject
    Decoration decorum of poetry Grotesque Isaiah 11:6-8 poetic painting
  • Case 188

    Fabriano,

    Conflict
    capriccio / Untruthful depiction

    Subject
    poetic painting The monstrous
  • Case 194

    Fabriano,

    Conflict
    Untruthfulness to the biblical sources

    Subject
    Crucifixion Placement of the crosses
  • Case 196

    Fabriano,

    Conflict


    Subject
    Depiction of God the Father Father
  • Case 197

    Fabriano,

    Conflict
    Untruthfulness to the biblical sources

    Subject
    God the Father Father Holy Spirit Jesus Trinity
  • Case 198

    Fabriano,

    Conflict
    Untruthfulness to the biblical sources

    Subject
    Prophets Spiritelli
  • Case 199

    Fabriano,

    Conflict
    Missing decorum

    Subject
    Flagellation of Christ Passion
  • Case 201

    Fabriano,

    Conflict
    capriccio of the artist Missing decorum

    Subject
    Myteries Passion St Blaise St James St Lawrence St Sebastian St Stephen
  • Case 204

    Fabriano,

    Conflict
    capriccio of the artist Missing decorum

    Subject
    Angels Last Judgement Representaion of the mysteries (arma Christi/sacred instruments?)
  • Case 205

    Fabriano,

    Conflict
    capriccio of the artist Missing decorum

    Subject
    Movement of the Figures St Blaise St. Andrew St. Bartholomew St. John the Baptist
  • Case 207

    Fabriano,

    Conflict
    capriccio of the artist Missing decorum

    Subject
    Depiction of a cardinal Depiction of the pope
  • Case 208

    Fabriano,

    Conflict
    capriccio of the artist Missing decorum

    Subject
    Costume of the woman Historic Licenz
  • Last Judgement

    Fabriano,

    Conflict
    capriccio of the artist

    Subject
    Expression of the Figures Last Judgement Souls
  • Last Judgement – The Book of Life

    Fabriano,

    Conflict
    capriccio of the artist

    Subject
    Book of Life Last Judgement
  • Case 223

    Fabriano,

    Conflict
    capricco of the Artist

    Subject
    cauldrons filled with souls Last Judgement Representation of Age
  • Case 225

    Fabriano,

    Conflict
    capriccio of the artist

    Subject
    Fearfull representation of the Virgin Mary Last Judgment
  • Case 226

    Fabriano,

    Conflict
    capriccio of the artist

    Subject
    Last Judgment Representation of the devils
  • Wilhelm V. and the relic theft

    Spalt, Nuremberg,

    Conflict
    Lutheran

    Subject
    Last Supper
  • Wilhelm V. and the relic theft

    Spalt, Nuremberg,

    Conflict
    Lutheran

    Subject
    Washing of the feet
  • Wilhelm V. and the relic theft

    Spalt, Nuremberg,

    Conflict
    Lutheran

    Subject
    Christ's manger
  • Wilhelm V. and the relic theft

    Spalt, Nuremberg,

    Conflict
    Lutheran

    Subject
    Arresting
  • Wilhelm V. and the relic theft

    Spalt, Nuremberg,

    Conflict
    Lutheran

    Subject
    John the Baptist
  • Wilhelm V. and the relic theft

    Spalt, Nuremberg,

    Conflict
    Lutheran

    Subject
    True Cross
  • Wilhelm V. and the relic theft

    Spalt, Nuremberg,

    Conflict
    Lutheran

    Subject
    Cross
  • Wilhelm V. and the relic theft

    Spalt, Nuremberg,

    Conflict
    Lutheran

    Subject
    Holy Lance
  • Munich Residence

    Munich,

    Conflict


    Subject
    Passion of Christ
  • Case 237



    Conflict


    Subject
  • Case 238

    Milan,

    Pieve' (ecclesiastical distict) of Appiano Gentile
    Conflict
    old (and possibly damaged) images undignified style

    Subject
  • A chapel used for revelries

    Milan,

    Guanzate
    Conflict
    improper use of a sacred building

    Subject
  • Case 240

    Milan,

    Cantù
    Conflict
    animals secular iconography

    Subject
    Wolf eating a friar (apparently a scene from paintings depicting secular subjects)
  • Case 241

    Milan,

    Meda, Church of Santa Maria?
    Conflict
    Nudity

    Subject
    Partly naked figures
  • Case 242

    Milan,

    Basiglio, Church of Sant'Agata
    Conflict
    Nudity

    Subject
    Putti
  • Case 243

    Milan,

    Melzo, house of the parish priest
    Conflict
    animals

    Subject
    Dog with inscriptions (possibly a heraldic badge)
  • Case 244

    Milan,

    Pieve' (ecclesiastical distict) of Trenno
    Conflict
    the representation is not based on approved ecclesiastical sources undignified iconography

    Subject
    Saint Defendens
  • Christ dressed as a pope at the funeral of St. Martha

    Milan,

    Bellano, Church of Santa Marta
    Conflict
    erroneous iconography

    Subject
    Funeral of Saint Martha
  • Case 246

    Milan,

    Arona, Collegiata della Natività di Maria Vergine
    Conflict
    Nudity

    Subject
    Saint Mary Magdalene
  • Case 247

    Milan,

    Vicariato' (ecclesiastical distict) of the Valley of Leventina
    Conflict
    animals monstrosity undignified iconography

    Subject
    Anthropomorphic symbols of the evangelists
  • Case 248

    Milan,

    Molina, Church of Sant'Ambrogio
    Conflict
    undignified iconography

    Subject
    Saint Ambrose driving the Arian heretics from Milan
  • Case 249

    Milan,

    Varese, Church of Santa Maria del Monte
    Conflict
    Nudity sexuality

    Subject
    Infernal punishements?
  • Case 250

    Milan,

    Germanedo, Church of San Cipriano e Giustina
    Conflict
    ambiguous/unusual iconography undignified iconography

    Subject
    Sunday Christ (‘Feiertagschristus’) or the female allegory of Sunday (‘Santa Domenica’)
  • Case 251

    Milan,

    Monza
    Conflict
    Nudity sexuality

    Subject
    Erotic scene?
  • St. Matthew with the angel

    Rome,

    Rome, San Luigi dei Francesi, Cappella Contarelli; 1602 Marchese Vincenzo Giustiniani; Berlin, Germany, Kaiser-Friedrich Museum Kriegsverlust, vermutlich verbrannt im Flakbunker Friedrichshain
    Conflict


    Subject
    St. Matthew writing the Gospel, usually the angel present, dictating or assisting him
  • St. Matthew with the angel

    Rome,

    Rome, San Luigi dei Francesi, Cappella Contarelli; 1602 Marchese Vincenzo Giustiniani; Berlin, Germany, Kaiser-Friedrich Museum Kriegsverlust, vermutlich verbrannt im Flakbunker Friedrichshain
    Conflict


    Subject
    St. Matthew writing the Gospel, usually the angel present, dictating or assisting him
  • Calling of St. Matthew

    Rome,

    S. Luigi dei Francesi, Cappella Contarelli, Italy, Rome
    Conflict


    Subject
    Calling of Matthew
  • The Martyrdom of Saint Matthew

    Rome,

    S. Luigi dei Francesi, Cappella Contarelli, Italy, Rome
    Conflict


    Subject
    The Martyrdom of Saint Matthew
  • Madonna of Loreto (Madonna of the Pilgrims)

    Rome,

    Cappella della Madonna dei Pellegrini, Rome, S. Agostino
    Conflict


    Subject
  • Madonna of Loreto (Madonna of the Pilgrims)

    Rome,

    Cappella della Madonna dei Pellegrini, Rome, S. Agostino
    Conflict


    Subject
  • The Death of the Virgin

    Rome,

    Cappella Cherubini, Santa Maria della Scala,Rome
    Conflict


    Subject
  • The Death of the Virgin

    Rome,

    Cappella Cherubini, Santa Maria della Scala,Rome
    Conflict


    Subject
  • The Death of the Virgin

    Rome,

    Cappella Cherubini, Santa Maria della Scala,Rome
    Conflict


    Subject
  • Case 264



    Conflict


    Subject
  • Case 265

    Seville,

    warn Christian painters of the correctness with which they should proceed in painting the sacred stories;
    Conflict
    Lack of visual clarity

    Subject
    religious depiction
  • Case 266

    Seville,

    Conflict
    Monstrosity/sacred vs prophane/diabolical image:

    Subject
    holy trinity
  • Case 267

    Seville,

    Conflict
    monstrosity

    Subject
    holy trinity
  • Case 268

    Seville,

    Conflict
    Lack of visual clarity/attributes :

    Subject
    holy trinity
  • The indecency and impropriety of painting bearded angels

    Seville, 1649

    Regarding the painting of angels, Pacheco lists a series of visual elements that cannot be included in the iconography of angels, one of them is the depiction of angels with beards. The example for such criticism was the artwork of Juan Fernández de Navarrete (1526-1579) in which he represented the three similar angels visiting Abraham. Although the scriptures and iconographic tradition associate this scene with the figure of angels, it may be that Pacheco has ignored to consider that these figures could represent not the ordinary figure of angels, but the figure of Jesus Christ repeated in the three characters (similar facial features and just one halo), since this passage of the Old Testament with the Three Angels forms is seen as a prefiguration of the Christian Trinity.
    Conflict
    inadequate manner (indecency and impropriety)

    Subject
    Angels
  • Case 270

    Seville,

    Conflict
    inadequate manner (unworthy of its perfection)

    Subject
    Angels
  • Case 271

    Seville,

    Conflict
    inadequate manner (indecency)

    Subject
    Meeting of Anna and Joachim at the Golden Gate
  • Case 272

    Seville,

    Conflict
    outdated way of representing

    Subject
    (immaculate) conception of Mary represented symbolically
  • Case 273

    Seville,

    Conflict
    inadequate manner (indecency and impropriety)

    Subject
    Nativity of Mary (scenes from the life of Mary)
  • Case 274

    Seville,

    Conflict
    inadequate manner (indecency and impropriety) outdated way of representing

    Subject
    St. Anne accompanied by three husbands, three daughters and grandsons, close to Mary with Jesus in her arms
  • Case 277

    Seville, 1649

    from a Taddeo Zuccaro model(Drawing)
    Conflict
    inadequate manner (indecency and impropriety)

    Subject
    presentation of Mary in the temple (scenes from the life of Mary)
  • Case 278

    Seville, 1649

    Conflict
    inadequate manner (indecency)

    Subject
    Betrothal of Mary
  • Case 279

    Seville, 1649

    Conflict
    inadequate manner (indecency and impropriety)

    Subject
    The Annunciation
  • Case 280

    Seville, 1649

    Conflict
    inadequate manner (indecency and impropriety)

    Subject
    The Annunciation
  • Case 281

    Seville,

    Conflict
    heretical representation. inadequate manner (impropriety)

    Subject
    The Annunciation
  • Case 282

    Seville,

    Conflict


    Subject
    The Annunciation
  • Case 283

    Seville,

    Joseph worrying about Mary's pregnancy
    Conflict


    Subject
    Saint Joseph's dreams
  • Nativity of Christ: the impropriety of depicting Him completly naked.

    Seville, 1649

    Analyzing the iconography of Christ's birth scene, Francisco Pacheco examined the reasons why artists insisted in representing Christ naked (i.e., representative of poverty, more beautiful naked than wrapped up). His negative criticism was directed at the artist Juan de Roelas (1570-1625). Justifying the error by not following the Holy Scriptures, it is assumed by the scholars that Pacheco had personal problems with this artist just mentioned, since the artwork cited as an example of a wrong depiction was part of an artistic commission that, instead of being made to Pacheco, the chosen artist was Roelas.
    Conflict
    inadequate manner (indecency and impropriety)

    Subject
    adoration of the Christ-child by the shepherds Nativity of Christ
  • Case 285

    Seville, 1649

    Conflict
    inadequate manner Untruthfulness to the biblical sources

    Subject
    the circumcision of christ
  • Case 286

    Seville,

    Conflict
    inadequate manner Untruthfulness to the biblical sources

    Subject
    the circumcision of christ
  • Case 287

    Seville, 1649

    Conflict
    inadequate manner

    Subject
    Adoration of the three Wise Men (kings or Magi)
  • Case 288

    Seville,

    Conflict


    Subject
    purification of Mary
  • Case 290

    Seville,

    Conflict


    Subject
    The flight into Egypt
  • Case 293

    Seville,

    Conflict


    Subject
    Christ in the wilderness (desert)
  • Case 294

    Seville,

    Conflict
    representation of tihs element more appropriate, according to the context

    Subject
    Christ suffering with the crown of thorns Passion of Christ The crowning of Jesus Christ with thorns
  • Ecce Homo: the inadequate manner of depicting Jesus Christ without the crown of thorns and the cane.

    Seville, 1649

    To represent Christ as Ecce Homo, the correct iconography of Jesus Christ anayled by Pacheco was that Jesus must have the crown of thorns in His head, the purple cloak and his cane in His right hand. That's the reason why he criticised that Pablo de Céspedes who painted without a cane in his hand and mainly Luis de Morales, who executed artworks without a crown of thorns (only the signs of the wounds) and also paintings in which Christ is carrying the cross on his back without the crown of thorns (considered a terrific untruthfulness to the biblical sources).
    Conflict
    inadequate manner Lack of decorum in the historical Untruthfulness to the biblical sources

    Subject
    Ecce Homo Passion of Christ Pilate showing Christ to the people
  • Case 296

    Seville, 1649

    Conflict
    inadequate manner

    Subject
    Passion of Christ the procession to Calvary with the cross
  • Case 298

    Seville, 1649

    Conflict
    inadequate manner

    Subject
    Resurrection of Christ, Passion of Christ
  • Assumption of Mary: The inadequate manner of depcting Marry older and held or handled by the angels

    Seville, 1649

    Conflict
    inadequate manner (indecency and impropriety) Lack of decorum in the historical

    Subject
    Assumption of Mary
  • Case 301

    Seville,

    Conflict
    representation of tihs element is more appropriate, according to his importance

    Subject
    Archangel Saint Michael
  • Case 302

    Seville, 1649

    Conflict
    inadequate manner

    Subject
    Saint John Baptist
  • Case 303

    Seville, 1649

    Conflict
    Not corresponding to history/clothes/Nails:

    Subject
    Saint Peter (Apostle)
  • Case 304

    Seville,

    Conflict
    Impropriety/Beard

    Subject
    Saint Paul and Jesus Christ (Apostle)
  • Case 305

    Seville, 1649

    Conflict
    inadequate manner

    Subject
    Saint John evangelist (Apostle)
  • Case 306

    Seville, 1649

    Conflict
    inadequate manner (according with his iconogrpraphy: imitation of the face of Christ, more grown hair and beard)

    Subject
    Saint James the Less (Apostle)
  • Case 307

    Seville, 1649

    Conflict
    inadequate manner (according with his iconogrpraphy: old man)

    Subject
    Saint Philip (Apostle)
  • Case 308

    Seville,

    Conflict
    inadequate manner (not as tall as he is depicted)

    Subject
    Saint Christopher
  • Case 309

    Seville, 1649

    Conflict
    inadequate manner (according with his iconogrpraphy: old man)

    Subject
    St Sebastian
  • Case 310

    Seville,

    Conflict


    Subject
    St. george armed on horseback
  • Case 311

    Seville, 1649

    Conflict
    Clothes

    Subject
    st. anthony abbot St. Anthony from Egipt
  • Case 312

    Seville,

    Conflict


    Subject
    St. Jerome
  • Case 313

    Seville, 1649

    Conflict
    blood inadequate manner (impropriety) nails Untruthfulness to history

    Subject
    Seraphic St. Francis of Assisi stigmatization of St. Francis of Assisi:
  • Case 314

    Seville,

    Conflict
    representation of tihs element is more appropriate when representing the sores golden

    Subject
    St. Catherine of Siena
  • Case 315

    Seville, 1649

    Conflict


    Subject
    St. Ignatius of Loyola
  • Case 316

    Seville,

    reply from Francisco Pacheco to Francisco de Rioja
    Conflict
    inadequate manner, impropriety (should be crucified with four nails, wear a white cloth, use the crown of thorns)

    Subject
    Crucifixion Passion of Chris
  • Case 317



    Conflict


    Subject
  • Case 318

    Leuven,

    Conflict
    could lead to false interpretation Untruthfulness to the biblical sources

    Subject
    Trinity Virgin Mary
  • Case 319

    Leuven,

    Conflict
    Untruthfulness to the biblical sources

    Subject
    Trinity
  • Case 320

    Leuven,

    Conflict
    Impurity

    Subject
    Adam and Eve
  • Case 321

    Leuven,

    Conflict


    Subject
    Chruch Fathers Martyrs
  • Virgin Mary Meditating on our Redemption

    Leuven,

    Conflict
    Unclarity of the scriptures, but accepted way of depiction

    Subject
    Annunciation
  • During the Flight into Egypt the Virgin likely sat on a Donkey, while Joseph walked

    Leuven,

    Conflict
    Unclarity of the scriptures, but accepted way of depiction

    Subject
    The flight into Egypt
  • Good Thief is painted on Jesus’ right Hand

    Leuven,

    Conflict
    Unclarity of the scriptures, but accepted way of depiction

    Subject
    Christ The good thief
  • Annunciation of the Virgin homunculus

    Leuven,

    Molanus rejects the practice of the depiction of a small Jesus, also known as the homunculus, carried by the rays of light of the Holy Spirit and ready to enter Mary's body during the Annunciation.
    Conflict
    Untruthful to the Biblical sources

    Subject
    Annunciation Incarnation: Holy Trinity
  • Mary and Saint John the Baptist praying to Christ at the Last Judgement

    Leuven,

    Molanus defies the depiction of the Holy Mary and Saint John the Baptist praying at the feet of Christ at the Final Judgement, since it is based on the false assumption of mediating for the dead.
    Conflict
    Depiction is not in correspondence with the teachings/dogmas of the Church

    Subject
    Last Judgment
  • The Scale of the Archangel Michael does not imply that through Good Deeds one obtains Eternal Life

    Leuven,

    Molanus criticises the motif of Archangel Michael weighing the souls of the dead on a scale to assess their fate, often the luficer or other develish creatures and angels are surrounding him.
    Conflict
    Untruthfulness to the biblical sources

    Subject
    Weighing of the souls
  • One cannot receive Redemption through Saints as the Story of Charles Martel and Saint Gilles suggests

    Leuven,

    Conflict
    Not corresponding to Scriptures Not corresponding with Church teaching/dogma

    Subject
    Mass of Saint Gilles
  • Almanacs are superstitious

    Leuven,

    Conflict
    Heretical image Superstitious

    Subject
    Zodiacal man
  • Virgin Mary should not be depicted in Pain while labouring

    Leuven,

    Conflict
    Untruthfulness to the biblical sources

    Subject
    Birth of Christ Midwives Virgin Mary
  • The Virgin Mary kneeling during the Nativity of Christ

    Leuven,

    Conflict
    Not corresponding with Church teaching/dogm

    Subject
    Nativity of Christ
  • Christ carrying the Cross while hurt by the Nails

    Leuven,

    Conflict
    Untruthfulness to the biblical sources

    Subject
    Crucifixion
  • Resurrection of Christ in open/closed Tomb

    Leuven,

    Conflict
    Not corresponding with Church teaching/dogm

    Subject
    Resurrection of Christ
  • Christ kneeling for the Father

    Leuven,

    Conflict
    Not corresponding to Scriptures Not corresponding with Church teaching/dogma

    Subject
    Christ hanging on the Cross
  • Job’s Friends Eliphaz, Bildat and Cophar were Kings

    Leuven,

    Conflict
    Not in correspondence with the Scriptures.

    Subject
    Bildat Cophar Eliphaz Job
  • Apocryphal Stories about Virgin Mary and Christ

    Leuven,

    Conflict
    Untruthfulness to the biblical sources

    Subject
  • Images not containing dangerous Errors can stay so no to stir up the Populace

    Leuven,

    Molanus comments on iconographies which are derived from apocryphal sources, in particular those which have a great spread among the populace. His stance on this matter is rather balanced: as long as the artworks do not contain any dangerous errors and they have been approved by the regional authority, they do not have to be taken away from their respective locations so that common people could not be disturbed by such actions.
    Conflict
    Untruthfulness to the biblical sources

    Subject
    Nativity of Virgin Mary Passion of Christ
  • Joseph holding an axe and other apogrypical subjects which are allowed

    Leuven,

    Conflict
    Not corresponding to Scriptures Not corresponding with Church teaching/dogma

    Subject
    Joseph
  • Joseph holding a green Branch and his Virginity

    Leuven,

    Conflict
    Not in correspondence with current interpretation of the Scriptures.

    Subject
    Joseph
  • Joseph depicted as an old Man

    Leuven,

    Conflict
    Not corresponding to Scriptures Not corresponding with Church teaching/dogma

    Subject
    Joseph
  • The Fruit Adam ate from the Tree

    Leuven,

    Conflict
    Open doctrinal issues

    Subject
    Adam Forbidden fruit
  • Simon of Cyrene helping Christ while bearing the Cross

    Leuven,

    Conflict
    Untruthfulness/Not probable/Not corresponding to history

    Subject
    Simon the Cyrenian compelled to help Christ with the cross
  • Christ seated on the cold Stone

    Leuven,

    Conflict
    Untruthfulness to the biblical sources

    Subject
    Christ sitting on the cold stone
  • Christ hanging on the Cross painted in all his Strength

    Leuven,

    Conflict
    Untruthfulness/Not probable/Not corresponding to history

    Subject
    Christ hanging on the cross (with text)
  • Christ showing his Wounds

    Leuven,

    Conflict
    Untruthfulness to the biblical sources

    Subject
    Christ showing his wounds
  • Case 360

    Leuven,

    Conflict
    Outer appearance

    Subject
    Saints
  • Case 361

    Leuven,

    Conflict
    Heretical image Sacred vs. profane imagery

    Subject
    Christ Jupiter
  • Case 362

    Leuven,

    Conflict
    Nudity/obscenity/lasciviousness Sacred vs. profane imagery

    Subject
    holy women and virgins Mary Theotokos Pentinent Magdalene Saints
  • Case 363

    Leuven,

    Conflict
    Sacred vs. profane imagery Style/manner

    Subject
    Christ Last Supper Martyrs
  • Case 364

    Leuven,

    Conflict
    Sacred vs. profane imagery

    Subject
    Profane decorations
  • Case 365

    Leuven,

    Conflict
    Iconoclasm/critic to image cult

    Subject
    Images of saints decorating altars
  • Case 366

    Leuven,

    Conflict


    Subject
    Indecent art
  • Case 367

    Leuven,

    Conflict


    Subject
    Naked infant Christ
  • Case 368

    Leuven,

    Conflict


    Subject
    Indecent art Obscene art
  • Case 369

    Leuven,

    Conflict


    Subject
    Indecent art
  • Case 370

    Leuven,

    Conflict


    Subject
  • It is forbidden to produce sensual Art

    Leuven,

    Conflict
    Nudity/obscenity/lasciviousness

    Subject
    Images corrupting the soul
  • Lascivious Images are to be banned

    Leuven,

    Conflict
    Nudity/obscenity/lasciviousness

    Subject
    Pan Phallus Satyr Venus
  • Case 379

    Leuven,

    Conflict


    Subject
  • Case 380

    Leuven,

    Conflict


    Subject
  • Case 381

    Leuven,

    Conflict


    Subject
  • Case 382

    Leuven,

    Conflict


    Subject
  • Case 383

    Leuven,

    Conflict


    Subject
  • Image should respect the size, silhouette and colours of the depcited person

    Leuven,

    Conflict
    Approval of the norm set by the tradition regarding depiction

    Subject
    Christ Saints
  • Case 386

    Leuven,

    Conflict


    Subject
  • In painting Peter and Paul the Painting Tradition precedes over written Texts

    Leuven,

    Conflict
    Disagreement between written sources and painting tradition

    Subject
    Paul Peter
  • Case 388

    Leuven,

    Conflict


    Subject
  • Case 389

    Leuven,

    Conflict


    Subject
  • Case 390

    Leuven,

    Conflict


    Subject
  • Condemnation of profane art

    Leuven,

    Conflict
    Pagan art constitutes an act of blasphemy

    Subject
    idolatry Pagan art
  • Idoles should not be used as Inspiration for Engravings

    Leuven,

    Conflict
    Heretical image

    Subject
    idolatry
  • Cupid as a poetic Fiction

    Leuven,

    Conflict


    Subject
    Cupid
  • Moral Significance of Insects

    Leuven,

    Conflict


    Subject
  • Slander in Art

    Leuven,

    Conflict


    Subject
  • Art inspiring Virtue in Man

    Leuven,

    Conflict


    Subject
  • Moral Images of Christian Origin

    Leuven,

    Conflict


    Subject
  • Case 405

    Leuven,

    Conflict


    Subject
  • Case 406

    Leuven,

    Conflict


    Subject
  • Case 407

    Leuven,

    Conflict


    Subject
  • Case 408

    Leuven,

    Conflict


    Subject
  • Case 409

    Leuven,

    Conflict


    Subject
  • Case 410

    Leuven,

    Conflict


    Subject