Pacheco criticises how often painters used to make their angelic figures and faces like those of women: according to the author, elements such as heads adorned with curls and “feminine tresses in their hair, and “enlarged breasts” are unworthy and do not correspond to the best way of representing the “perfection” of angels.
Molanus argues that angels are suitable decorations for churches.
In this part of the dialogue, the focus of criticism is particularly on the composition of figures.
In this section of the dialogue, the participants discuss the depiction of the battle between the angels and demons over the blessed and damned souls in the “Last Judgement”.
Regarding the painting of angels, Pacheco lists a series of visual elements that cannot be included in the iconography of angels, one of them being the depiction of angels with beards. An example of such criticism was the artwork of Juan Fernández de Navarrete (1526-1579) in which he represented the three similar bearded angels visiting Abraham.