Dr. Cloe Cavero de Carondelet
Research Associate

My research and writing examines themes situated between art history, early modern history and religious studies, focusing on the visual culture of early modern Spain. I am currently working on a book manuscript tentatively entitled Imagining Child Martyrs in Early Modern Spain. This work considers the ways in which family anxieties, perceptions of alterity, and religious violence intersected with the development of the cults and images of a series of child martyrs during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Stemming from this project is an article forthcoming at the Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, and two book chapters that compare the role of classification and forensic observation in representations of infantile martyrdom across Catholic Europe (forthcoming in Sacred Images and Normativity: Contested Forms in Early Modern Art, Brepols 2020; and Holy Children and Liminality in Early Modern Art, Brepols 2021).

I am also interested in the ecclesiastical patronage of religious art and architecture in post-Tridentine Toledo, and its connections with Rome. The visual, material and literary reframings of the cult image of Our Lady del Sagrario of Toledo Cathedral as a divine relic are the focus of a recent article in Bulletin of Spanish Studies (2019) and an essay forthcoming in The Interaction of Art and Relics in Late Medieval and Early Modern Art (Brepols). My published work on the artistic connections between Toledo, Rome and Madrid includes articles in Cuadernos de Historia Moderna, Archivo Español de Arte, Boletín del Museo del Prado, and Royal Studies Journal.

Since 2017, I am a Post-Doctoral Research Associate in SACRIMA. As part of the team, I work on the creation of a digital map of contested early modern sacred images, and of a digital library of early modern texts on sacred art, with special responsibility for the Iberian context. In 2019, I was part of a DAAD sponsored research project that investigates the role of objects and images as agents of religious encounter and conflict between early modern Europe and Japan. Before moving to Munich, I received my Ph.D. in History and Civilization from the European University Institute in Florence. I also hold an M.Res. in History and Civilization from the EUI, an M.A. and a B.A. in Art History from the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. I have been the recipient of distinctions and fellowships, including a James Kaye Memorial Prize for the Best EUI Thesis in History and Visuality, a FECYT Fellowship at The Courtauld Institute of Art, and a Salvador de Madariaga Doctoral Grant funded by the Spanish Research Foundation.


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  • “Eugenio Cajés’s Meeting at the Golden Gate: Purity and Procreation in Seventeenth-Century Madrid”, Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 83 (forthcoming 2020)
  • “Wounds on Trial: Forensic Truth, Sanctity, and the Early Modern Visual Culture of Ritual Murder”, in Sacred Images and Normativity: Contested Forms in Early Modern Arted. Chiara Franceschini (Turnhout: Brepols, forthcoming 2020)
  • “El viaje a Roma de Luis de Oviedo, agente y coleccionista a principios del siglo XVII”, Cuadernos de Historia Moderna 45:1, 55–79 (2020) Read here
  • “The Virgin Embracing the Virgin: Eugenio Cajés’ Short-Lived Iconography of Our Lady del Sagrario in Counter-Reformation Toledo”, Bulletin of Spanish Studies 96:6, 921-950 (2019) Read here
  • “Roma 1619. Retratos de la nación española en la galería de Ottavio Leoni”, co-authored with Yuri Primarosa, Archivo Español de Arte 90:360, 383-392 (2017) Read here
  • “Las relaciones artísticas del cardenal Quiroga con Italia: Un retrato veneciano en las colecciones del Museo del Prado”, Boletín del Museo del Prado, vol. 34:52, 10-16 (2016) Read here


  • “Child Martyrs in the Catholic World: Expansion, Mission, Adaptation”, in Oberseminar Neue Forschungen zur Frühen Neuzeit, Historicum, LMU Munich (2020)
  • “Crucified Children from Norwich to Nagasaki: Iconography and the Question of Scale”, in Early Modern Sacred Images in Japan and Europe: Contact, Comparison, Conflict, Waseda University Tokyo (2019)
  • “La niña ante la Puerta Dorada: intercesión, limpieza de sangre y santidad infantil en la edad moderna”, in Coloquios investigadores, Department of Art History, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (2019)
  • “The Politics of Childhood Sanctity in Early Modern Spain: An Altarpiece of Saints Justus and Pastor in the Royal Basilica of El Escorial”, in Conflicts of Representation in the Late Renaissance Iberian Worlds, RSA New Orleans (2018)
  • “The Crucified Holy Child of La Guardia”, in Holy Children, Liminal Bodies: The Status and Materiality of Infancy in Early Modern Visual Culture / SACRIMA International Conference, ZI – LMU Munich (2017)


Atlas Marianus Ibericus

Chiara Franceschini and Cloe Cavero talked about “Marian Atlases, Image Normativity and the Geography of Art” at the first encounter for a planned research network taking place at Université Paris 13.

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